by Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters" Association in Honolulu, Hawaii .
Written in English
|Statement||by W. P. Alexander.|
|Contributions||Hawaiian Sugar Planters" Association. Experiment Station.|
|LC Classifications||SB229.H3 A5|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||109 p. :|
|Number of Pages||109|
|LC Control Number||23017813|
This paper compares above‐ and belowground biomass accumulation with crop age in two current cultivars grown in field experiments under drip irrigation in Hawaii from to , and reanalyzes earlier experiments conducted in Hawaii in the s and s to examine historical changes in the pattern of yield accumulation in by: The book opens with a chapter on the factors that affect sugar cane growth. This is followed by separate chapters on seedbed preparation, sugar cane planting, the nutrition and irrigation of sugar cane, drainage, weed control, flowering control, ripening and maturity, harvesting and transportation, and pest and disease Edition: 1. This volume is intended for reference by the commercial sugar cane grower. Disciplines are covered for the successful production of a sugar cane crop. A number of good books exist on field practices related to the growing of sugar cane. Two examples are R.P. Humbert's The Growing of Sugar Cane and Alex G. Alexander's Sugarcane Physiology.4/5(3). 1O2 THE HAWAIIAN JOURNAL OF HISTORY fields of different owners. Schools, stores, and worker villages sprang up around these centers, serving the plantations. The planters coop-erated in numerous ways. They shared irrigation systems (Makawao). They ground each other's sugar when mills .
Irrigation is used on about half of the acreage planted to sugarcane. A few years ago, furrow irrigation was the most common method of water distribution. Although furrow irrigation requires little capital, it is labor intensive and uses water inefficiently. With furrow irrigation. The rapid growth of Hawaii's population was largely attributed to the plantation system. The first industrial sugar production was set up on Lanai in The first true sugar plantation was established at the Old Sugar Mill in Koloa and Sugar Monument in One year later and 8, pounds of sugar and molasses were shipped to the United States from that mill. The Lihue sugar plantation on Kauai develops the first extensive irrigation system in Hawaii, which included a mile long irrigation ditch and tunnel system. rapid expansion in sugarcane production. "Act for the Protection and Preservation of Woods and Forests", including watershed preservation, passed by Kingdom of Hawaii. Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar, which ran the plantation that plans to harvest its last cane this year, has been diverting water from 19 streams in east Maui and several others in .
The vegetation in Hawaii offered a perfect environment for raising sugar cane. Porous lava soil soaks up rain and stores water from the frequent tropical rains deep in underground pools. The sun shines all year round, and the cooling ocean currents keep the average temperatures around 75 degrees. Sugarcane irrigation in the Inkomati catchment is applied by overhead centre pivots and drag-line sprinklers, and via surface and sub-surface drip irrigation systems. Average annual rainfall is about mm, but this is significantly exceeded . Oahu Sugar Company first drilled for water and later constructed ditches to bring water down from the mountains. Eventually, Aualii became known as Waipahu, or, "gushing water" in Hawaiian. The first sugar cane of OSC was harvested in Oahu Sugar Co. expanded, reaching nearly 20 square miles. Loading sugar cane on carts, Hawaii. Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Titles in this section primarily cover activities in Hawaii, however, some coverage of activities in Hawaii can also be found in the more general section of this guide as books and journals are often much broader in their coverage.